Although the Orthodox Church does respect the Hebrew Old Testament, it also believes the Septuagint tradition should be studied by the church, out of respect for both the New Testament writers and the Eastern Church tradition. … The New Testament is the New King James Version (NKJV), which uses the Textus Receptus.
What version of the Bible does the Orthodox Church use?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
Does the Eastern Orthodox Church use the New Testament?
Textual basis. The EOB is an Orthodox translation of the Bible. … The New Testament (completed and available) is based on the official ecclesiastical text published in 1904 by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (again documenting all significant variants to the critical text, Majority Text and Textus Receptus) …
What is the orthodox approach to the Bible?
The Orthodox approach to Scriptural interpretation can be defined using the parting words of Christ at His ascension. The emphasis in this passage is on the active presence and guidance of the Holy Spirit in Christ’s church. This Lordly promise to His Church forms the basis of Holy Tradition.
What are the extra books in the orthodox bible?
Orthodox Tewahedo biblical canon
- Additions to Esther.
- 1 Maccabees.
- 2 Maccabees.
- Wisdom of Solomon.
- Baruch / Letter of Jeremiah.
How is Orthodox different from Catholic?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. … Most Orthodox Churches have both ordained married priests and celibate monastics, so celibacy is an option.
Do Greek Orthodox read the Bible?
For the most part, Orthodox Christians often stick to the officially prescribed daily readings that the church plans in advance. … There is also a Bible known as the Greek Orthodox Study Bible that a lot of people use. Whether you decide to use this Bible or not is completely up to you.
Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?
The Orthodox Church is older. At one time, but Churches recognized a conciliar form of government in which the democratic vote of the bishops determined orthodox status. In each Church Council, the winners went on to claim the title of Orthodox/Catholic, and the losers split off and formed their own new denomination.
Does the Orthodox Church have the Bible?
The Bible of the Orthodox Church is the same as that of most Western Churches, except that its Old Testament is based not on the Hebrew, but on the ancient Jewish translation into Greek called the Septuagint.
Who is the leader of the Orthodox Church?
The council is being organized by his rival, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, the spiritual leader of Orthodox Christianity.
How does the Orthodox Church worship?
Orthodox Christians do not worship the icons, but pray through the icons to God. There are other services including an evening service of vespers , morning matins and other shorter services based on the Divine Office .
Does the Orthodox Church pray to Mary?
According to practitioners, devotion to the Virgin Mary does not amount to worship, which is reserved for God. Both the Catholic and Orthodox traditions view Mary as subordinate to Christ, but uniquely so, in that she is seen as above all other creatures.
Why are there more books in the orthodox bible?
The Jews in Palestine had more books than those in Rome, for instance (such as 3 Maccabees in addition to 1&2 Maccabees), so that is why there are more “extra” books in Orthodox Bibles than in Catholic Bibles.
Why do Catholics and Orthodox Christians have a different canon?
The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church have been in a state of official schism from one another since the East–West Schism of 1054. This schism was caused by historical and language differences, and the ensuing theological differences between the Western and Eastern churches.
What are the 73 books in the Bible?
- Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
- Historical books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees.